Despite big brand websites may be intentionally targeted, most hacking attacks are opportunistic rather than targeted. The majority of attacks are automated, with bots scouring the internet for security flaws to exploit. Then how to protect WordPress site from hackers?
Don’t worry we’ve spent some time laying out a few steps that may be taken to address some of the most prevalent security flaws or malpractices seen in hundreds of WordPress sites, which can help avoid a WordPress hack.
WordPress may be hacked in a number of ways
Brute force assaults
Bots (automated hacking tools) target your website in the hopes of finding flaws. This usually signifies that a piece of code is attempting to obtain access to your site’s login screen and the CMS. By testing endless variants, the bot forces a possible login combination.
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Injection of harmful code into your site’s database
Hackers can find ways to insert malicious code into your site’s database. These often occur when server credentials have been hacked, either as a result of poor password management or a simple combination of login credentials.
The most popular type of attack, the goal of which is to slow down your site by flooding the database with spam comments in the thousands.
What steps should you take to secure your WordPress website?
All plugins and the latest WordPress version
For a reason, this is ranked first. The most essential thing you can do to protect your WordPress site against attacks is to maintain the WordPress version and any installed plugins up to date. WordPress receives new security fixes every time it is updated. WPremote.com is a fantastic solution that may assist you in doing so.
Backup of your website
Install a backup plugin that backs up all of your WP files and databases, or set up a manual backup system at the server level so that you can restore your website to the most recent version if it is hacked.
IP whitelist or custom login URL
Your URL, followed by /wp-admin, is the same for all WordPress sites. Because all hackers are aware of this, your login screen is open to anybody who wants to undertake a brute force assault. Always make your login URL one-of-a-kind, such as /mycmslogin. Another option is to restrict access to the /wp-admin URL to a certain set of IP addresses (eg. from your home or your office).
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Change the admin user’s name
The moniker admin is given to the basic WordPress user. Hackers are aware of this and attempt to hack into your site using a combination of this predictable username and unpredictable passwords. Always create a new admin user name or remove the default admin user.
Install the Akismet plugin to protect your blog against spam assaults that target the comment sections underneath your posts.
A second line of defence. It’s important to have a second line of defence when signing into your WordPress site.
Yubico is a system that adds a physical element to the login process by providing access to the site only to those who have a secure USB key (yubikey) and credentials. Even if the hackers or bots obtain your username and password, they will be unable to proceed past the login page until they physically put the key into the system they are using.
Brute force attacks – These attacks take advantage of weak passwords to get complete access to your website. Hackers employ automated programmes to try to get in on a regular basis by guessing the administrator’s login and password.
Backdoors — Backdoors are security flaws that hackers may use to get into your website, infect it, and potentially compromise other websites on the same server.
3Cross-site scripting (XSS) — This approach is used by hackers to insert harmful script into a website without the user’s knowledge. This code may be used for a variety of malicious purposes, including collecting session data, changing HTML, and even redirecting visitors.
Malicious redirection — This sneaky hacking tactic might send your users to sites that contain spam, malware, or phishing.
Phishing – The purpose of phishing is to get sensitive information from consumers, such as login credentials, credit card information, or even a whole identity. Hackers deceive consumers by impersonating a well-known reputable website and tricking them into divulging personal information.
Malware — This is a catch-all phrase for any harmful scripts or programmes that attempt to infect a website or computer system. Viruses, backdoors, rootkits, adware, spamware, and other sorts of unwanted software are all included.